How the Manual Software Testing Process Works

While automated testing can be beneficial during the quality assurance process for software development, there is a great benefit to conducting manual testing as well. In the manual testing steps, experts review all components of the program manually checking for errors and other problems. Going over everything slowly and carefully can help find potential bugs that the automated process may have missed. Here are the steps developers take during the manual testing process.

Analyze the Requirements

The first thing developers do before manually testing is look at the requirements of the software product. This part of the testing process is also known as requirements engineering. This is a vital step in any type of design, including software design. Developers focus on what the user expects from the software and detail the product’s requirements or features that must be operable in order to meet the users’ expectations.

Make a Plan

Step two of the manual software testing process is to make a detailed testing plan. After speaking to the company’s owners and stakeholders, the testing team must design a plan that focuses on the scope of the product. This should be a written plan that is shared with all members of the team and the software development company. Generally, a testing plan should include the logistics of the project along with the process the team will use to start the manual testing process. An effective plan should also include timelines and personnel responsibilities.

Create the Test Case

Next, developers and the testing team should create the test case. A well-written test case should include the input you’ll be using for the testing, the steps for the process, and the desired outcome. Effective test cases can help developers pinpoint potential bugs or other problems with the software. Before the testing team creates a test case, they need to have a strong working knowledge of how the software works and what the client expects from them.

Start the Testing

Then, it’s time to begin the actual testing process and work on the product’s quality assurance. In a typical team scenario, individual test cases will be assigned to various team members. Each team member will run specific test cases to focus on different aspects of the software product. Because manual testing requires much more detail and time than automated testing, the work is usually divided up equally among the team.

Track for Defects

Throughout the testing process, it’s important for team members to constantly track for defects in the product. Most professional manual software testing services will be highly effective at finding any bugs and making sure these errors don’t get overlooked and sent out to customers. The benefit of manual testing is that it can help developers find more errors than the automated process. This can help the software company spot any problems and create a plan to fix things instead of having customers be the ones to report the error.

Record Any Bugs

In manual testing and automated software testing, all bugs must also be documented. In some early software development stages, there may be thousands of various bugs detected, which all need to be recorded. All personnel involved in the development and testing stages need to have access to error logs so new errors don’t pop up and potential fixes don’t create any conflicts.

Fix Any Errors

The most important thing to do with any error logs after bug detection is over is to make a plan to fix things. Sometimes, a bug can be fixed with a simple keystroke, and the problem is over. In other situations, you may need to do a complete overhaul and consult the product development team to tackle a larger, more systematic problem.

Double Check and Verify

The last thing to do during a manual software testing process is to double check all of the work and verify that all stages have been completed. You may need to run testing processes several times through the software after errors have been fixed to detect any additional issues with the functionality.

Manual software testing is a valuable step in product development. Companies that partner with manual testing experts can expect to have stronger software titles that are more reliable and meet or exceed their customers’ expectations. Relying on automated testing alone means you’ll have many more problems down the road and more headaches trying to fix these issues.